If you are suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, bone tumors, or traumatic injury, etc., you may be a candidate for hip replacement surgery. In conditions like experiencing trouble in doing simple things like walking, climbing stairs, and sitting, severe pain in hip joints, stiffness, or considerably reduced mobility, hip replacement surgery may be a solution for you. However, the decision depends more upon your physical and medical condition. Also, we suggest it is good to take second opinion before deciding over hip replacement surgery. Remember, hip replacement surgery is only suggested after you fail to respond to all the alternative treatment methods like medications, physical therapy etc.
Yes, you can kneel down as soon as you are comfortable doing the same.
For about two months, you will need someone to assist you in household jobs like laundry, cooking etc. Make arrangements at home before your hip joint surgery to avoid any discomfort and hassles.
Generally, a hip replacement procedure takes about two hours to complete.
One day after the surgery, your physical therapy will begin aimed to strengthen your new hip joints and muscles. You would be able to sit, stand, and walk with help of assistance within three to four days. You will be advised small different exercises to do regularly, which will keep changing as you progress towards recovery.
At home, you will have to do the recommended exercises and physical therapy with the help of visiting physiotherapist. Initially, you will be walking using walker or cane till you are able to completely support your body weight. It would take about two-three months to walk, climb up and down the stairs, and do daily chores independently. You will not be allowed to lift any kind of weight for about three months. The complete recovery duration depends on how well you followed the doctor’s advice, took all precautions, and did your exercises correctly and regularly.
For the success of your hip replacement surgery, it is important to choose the best hospital and orthopedic surgeons. To choose the right hospital, look into every aspect of the treatment such as quality, experienced orthopedic surgeon, cost of hip replacement, post-surgery rehab, easy regular doctor visits after the surgery, and physiotherapy sessions which would continue for about three months.
If have any doubts, you can call our patient advisors for ‘free guidance’ on any treatment related issue.
The hip replacement complications and risks are same as in any other surgical procedure. But they are very rare, reported in even less than 2% cases. The complications may include risk of infection, blood clot, fracture, dislocation, or change in leg size etc. All these are well taken care by experienced orthopedic surgeons via continuous monitoring, medications, and preventive measures. To reduce any risk of infection special precautions are also taken in the operation theaters.
There is no definite right age for hip replacement surgery. It can be performed on people aged between 50-80 years facing degenerative arthritis to even teenagers with juvenile arthritis. The decision to undergo hip replacement is solely based your intensity of pain, discomfort in daily activities, and disability.
- Make your bedroom on the ground floor. In case you have a multi-story house, stay on the first floor for at least about three months.
- Avoid stairs to reduce chances of injury or strain on your hip and legs.
- Make way in the room and passage for smooth movement. Remove clutters, put aside furniture, and remove rugs that might cause you to slip or hurt you in anyway.
- Place things that you need in your reach, like medicines, water, phone etc.
- Keep walker, crutch or cane on your bedside, so that you can get it easily once you get up from bed.
- Use a good firm chair higher than normal height to sit and a foot rest stool for support.
- Before going to the hospital for hip replacement, organize your clothes and other necessities within your reach.
- Shower and bathroom safety is very necessary. Put an elevated toilet seat or a riser. Install a handrail or bar in your shower and next to your toilet. Place a bench in your bathroom. Remember you have to avoid any kind of strain on your lower body and reduce the risk of a fall.
There are many types of prosthetic hip implants available today. They are made up of metal alloys, ceramic material, or strong plastic components which combine to form a synthetic joint that functions like normal hip joint. All have a ball and socket design and are either cemented or uncemented. Cemented implant fixes the joint during surgery while uncemented leaves space for biological fixation.
Your surgeon can ultimately guide you to the best implant type that would work best for you, based on your physical and medical conditions like age, weight, and activity limitations etc.
Hip replacement is deemed to be one of the expensive surgeries. It includes the procedure cost, and pre- and post-operation expenses. Cost of hip replacement varies for each city and hospital even within the same geographical location. In India, the hip replacement cost is far less than what you would have to pay in the developed countries like the U.S. or UK.
Hip replacement surgery is typically covered under medical insurance.
For more information read: Cost of hip replacement in India
With improvements in surgical technique and implants material, the durability and success of hip implants have increased. The hip replacement implants would last more than 20 years.
Your orthopedic surgeon may give either regional or general anesthesia. He will make an incision at the side of the hip exposing the joint area to be operated. The incision would be of about four inches in case of latest minimally invasive technique while otherwise it’s of about eight to 10 inches. During the surgery, the surgeon cuts the damaged worn surfaces of hip bones, femur and acetabulum, and cartilage and replaces them with artificial components. The new joint is set together for pain-free hip movement. The surgeon repairs any deep tissue cuts occurred during surgery and then closes the skin incision using staples or stitches.
In about one month, you will be able to move up and down the stairs.
You can drive in about two months of your hip replacement surgery. But the decision purely depends upon your recovery speed.
When to travel, depends on your recovery speed. The better you follow the doctor’s instructions, physiotherapy, and recommended exercises sooner you can travel. Once you are comfortable walking and getting up, you can travel shorter distances. Travelling long distances is not recommended before three months. Consult your doctor, if you have any such travel plan.
Getting back to work after hip replacement surgery depends upon the kind of work. If your job is less strenuous, you can get back to work after one month of hip replacement while for more strenuous work, it takes longer. Discuss with your doctor about your job type and when you can get back to it.
Hip replacement improves your mobility and quality of life. But high-impact activities such as jumping, basketball, badminton, football, and tennis should be strictly avoided as they can lead to hip dislocation. You can do low-impact activities such as light aerobics, golfing, biking, swimming, bowling, and gardening.
India has many highly trained and experienced hip joint replacement surgeons practicing in different cities.
For more information read: Best joint replacement surgeon in India
After the hip replacement you will get approximately six to eight inch long scar on your hip side. The scar gradually fades to a thin line in about six months after the surgery. Apply the cream regularly your doctor has prescribed for healing. Later you can use a scar removing cream in consultation with your doctor.
This is very rare as the experienced team of surgeons try to keep the leg lengths as equal as possible. But sometimes it has to be lengthened to obtain proper muscle tension for avoiding hip dislocation. This means you might experience little limping and may be prescribed shoe lift to maintain the length.